Violent Crimes Statistics
Violent crimes are offences involving threat of using force or the actual use of force. Violent crimes comprises of four offences which include forcible rape, aggravated assault, robbery, and murder and no negligent manslaughter (uniform crime report, 2012).
Data is collected annually on offences committed in various metropolitan areas in the United States of America. This data can be utilized in the analysis of the trend of various crimes in different parts of the country. In this instance, the analysis of violent crimes is in the city of Abilene, Texas and Albany in New York. The study utilizes data collected in the year 2011 and 2012.
National statistics indicate that, in the year 2011 violent crimes were estimated at 1,203,564. This was a 3.8% decrease from the estimates of 2010. This amounted to 386.3 crimes of violence per 100,000 inhabitants (uniform crime report, 2011). Data collected in 2012 estimated the annual national violent crimes at 1,214,462. This is a 0.7% increase from the previous year. These were 386.9 crimes of violence in every 100,000 inhabitants (uniform crime report, 2012).
Abilene in Texas had a population of 168,729 people in the year 2011. Abilene is a metropolitan area covering three counties Jones, Callahan, and Taylor. Violent crime statistics indicate that 428 cases were reported in the city of Abilene and 502 cases in the entire metropolitan. The level of violent crimes in the metropolitan was 297.5 in every 100,000 inhabitants (uniform crime report, 2011). In the year 2012, statistics indicate that the total population of the area had increased by 179 to 168,908 people. The number of violent crime cases reported in the city of Abilene increased by 44 to 472 cases. The entire metropolitan experienced an increase of 53 cases to 555 reported cases of violent crime. The rate of violent crimes was 328.6 in every100, 000 inhabitants (uniform crime report, 2012).
Albany in New York had a population of 159,379 people in the year 2011. Albany includes Dougherty, Lee, Terrell, and Worth Counties. Cases of violent crimes reported in the City of Albany were 640, and the total reporting of the metropolitan was 838 cases, an average of 841 cases. This is a level of 527.7 in every100, 000 inhabitants (uniform crime report, 2011). In 2012, the statistics collected from the same metropolitan were as follows. The total population was 159,370 people. This is a decrease by 9 people compared to the previous year. Cases of violent crime disclosed in the city of Albany were 813, an increase by 173 cases. Cases reported in the whole metropolitan were 1054, an increase by 216 cases. The average estimated cases of violent crimes were 1068. The metropolitan had a violent crimes rate of 670.1 in every 100,000 inhabitants (uniform crime report, 2012).
In the year 2011, Abilene in Texas had 502 cases of violent crimes reported in the entire metropolitan. On the other hand, Albany in New York had an average of 841 cases reported. In spite of Abilene in Texas having a higher population than Albany in New York, there were more reported cases of violent crimes in the latter. The rate of crime of Abilene was 297.5 in every 100,000 inhabitants whereas the rate of violent crime of Albany was 527.7 in every 100,000 inhabitants. In the year 2011, Albany in New York experienced more cases of violent crimes compared to Abilene in Texas.
In 2012, the number of violent crime cases reported in the city of Abilene was 472 cases. On the other hand, the number of reported cases of violent crime in the city of Albany was 813. There is a significant contrast in the figures with the city of Albany having more cases reported. The rate of violent crime of Abilene was 328.6 in every 100,000 people whereas the crime level of Albany was 670.1 in every 100,000 people. The violent crimes level reported in Albany is still much higher than those reported in Abilene.
These two metropolitans have a variance in population. In 2011, the population of Abilene in Texas was 168,729 compared to the population of Albany in New York of 159,379 people. This is a variance of 9350. In 2012, the population of Abilene was 168,908 whereas Albany had a population of 159,370 people. This is a variance of 9538. In spite of the increasing gap in population between the two metropolitans, the number of cases reported in Albany is significantly higher.
The level of violent crime in the two metropolitan areas is increasing significantly in the two areas between the year 2011 and 2012. Abilene experienced an increase in the rate of violent crime from 297.5 in every 100,000 people in 2011 to 328.6 in every 100,000 people in 2012. On the other hand, Albany had an increase from 527.7 in every 100,000 inhabitants in 2011 to 670.1 in every 100,000 inhabitants in 2012.
The difference in the rate of the two metropolitans can be attributed to the high increase in unemployment and a low job growth rate. In Abilene, the unemployment rate as at 2012 was 5.2%, whereas the job growth rate was 1.1% (Forbes, 2012). The higher rate of violent crime rate of Albany compared to Abilene may be attributed to the differences in economic conditions in the two areas.