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Introduction to research methods

By Outworkerpost Support  1 year, 3 months ago

Introduction to researchPhoto: Introduction to research

Introduction to research methods

Project fails because people do not take enough time to think about the issue involved before rushing to start work. When you begin to think about the research project, a useful way of remembering the vital questions to ask are: What is your research here? You must respond to this in one sentence; otherwise, your research topic is too broad.  Why do you want the study? What is the purpose of the research? Who is the research intended for this also refers to the participants or the respondent? These are the people you will need to get in touch with. Where this is the place where research will be carried, knowing this information will play a crucial role in narrowing down the topic. When are you going to conduct the research? Knowing this information will help determine the time scale. 

After responding to the five W, it is time to write the research proposal in one sentence. At this point, ensure that all the W are considered in the project proposal. 

The research methodology is what you need to respond to after answering the five W. research methodology will guide the researcher. Research methodology can be either qualitative research or quantitative research. How to differentiate which is simple 

Qualitative research explores behavior, experience, and attitude, so one can use interviews and focus groups. This type of research methodology requires fewer participants. 

Quantitative research this research generates statistics by using large scale survey research. This research is done by using methods such as questionnaires and structured interviews and target a large number of participants. 

An outline of the steps to follow when doing a project 


1.      Define your project

Asking question- identify research gap in the research literature

The topic needs to be one that you are interested in.

Thinking about your project-this will prevent unnecessary wasting time such as stating inappropriate methods as your research progress

Understanding the five Ws: what, who, when, why, where.

Summarizing your research

2.      Decide upon a methodology (how are you going to carry out the research

Recognizing qualitative and quantitative research

Understanding the methodology debate

Choosing a methodology

3.      Choose your research methods

Using interviews

Conducting focus groups

Using questionnaires

Undertaking participating observation

Choosing your methods

4.     Conduct background research

Conducting primary and secondary research                       

Using websites

Using interlibrary loans

Keep records

5.      Choose your participant

Understanding sampling technique

Choosing your sample size

6.      Prepare a research proposal

Understanding the format

The content of a proposal

What makes a good proposal?

Reasons why research proposal fail

7.      Conduct interviews

Methods of recording

Developing an interview schedule

Establishing rapport

Asking question and probing for information

Completing the interview

8.      Conduct focus groups

The role of the moderator

Recording equipment

Choosing a venue

Recruiting your participant

9.      Construct questionnaire

Deciding which questionnaire to use

Wording and structure of questions

Length and ordering of questions

Piloting the questionnaire

Obtaining a high response

10.  Carry out participant observation

Places of study

Gaining access

Acting ethically

Collecting and analysis information

Withdrawing from the field

11.  Analyze your data

Deciding which approach to use

Analyzing qualitative data

Measuring data

12.  Report you finding

Writing reports

Structuring reports writing journals articles

Producing oral presentation

13.  Be an ethical research

Treating participating with respect

Recognizing overt and covert research

Producing a code of ethics

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